What Was The Salt 2 Agreement

In addition to these numerical limit values, the agreement would have included the following conditions: the revision of the SALT II Treaty would have taken place at the national technical level (NTM) of the audit, including the photo recognition satellites. The parties agreed not to interfere in the technical means of national verification and not to take deliberate cover-up measures that would have impeded the verification of compliance with the provisions of the agreement by the United States. Monitoring of test programs has been an important aspect of salt verification, as specific characteristics of some salt systems are visible during the testing phase. This monitoring may have resulted in the collection of electronic signals, called telemetry signals, which are used in tests to transmit information about the systems while they are being tested. For this reason, the parties had agreed not to deliberately deny telemetry information, such as .B use of telemetry encryption, if such a refusal had impeded verification of compliance with the treaty provisions. In June 1979, Carter and Brezhnev met in Vienna and signed the SALT II agreement. The treaty effectively established numerical equality between the two nations with respect to the delivery of nuclear weapons. It also limited the number of MIRV missiles (missiles with several independent nuclear warheads). In reality, the treaty has done little or nothing to stop or even significantly slow down the arms race.

Yet it has been the subject of relentless criticism in the United States. The treaty was denounced as a „sell-off” to the Soviets, which would leave America virtually defenseless against a whole series of new weapons that are not mentioned in the agreement. Even the proponents of arms control were not enthusiastic about the treaty, because it did not contribute to the actual control of arms. The strategic Arms Limitation Talks II (SALT II) replaced the interim agreement. The treaty was about to enter into force, but when U.S. President Ronald Reagan declared that the Soviet Union was violating its political commitment to the treaty, Reagan decided to establish an interim framework that required limiting the under-employment of existing arms agreements. In accordance with Salt I Article VII, the parties began negotiations in November 1972 for further restrictions on strategic offensive weapons. The main objective of SALT II was to replace the interim agreement with a comprehensive long-term treaty on the long-term limitations of strategic offensive weapons.

The parties examined the types of weapons to be included, bans on new systems, qualitative restrictions, inclusion in the treaty of forward us-based systems, etc. In November 1974, the contracting parties reached a basic framework for SALT II, which contained the following conditions: In addition, the Memory Aid stated that the duration of the new agreement would last until 1985.