nawigacja

Stabilization And Association Agreement Albania

The decision has been in effect since February 26, 2009 and the agreement since April 1, 2009. Successive amendments to the agreement were introduced in the original document. This consolidated version is only of documentary value. Stabilization and association agreements are part of the EU Stabilisation and Association Process (PSA) and the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). At present, the countries of the Western Balkans are at the heart of the PSA. Specific Stabilization and Association Agreements (ASAs) have been implemented with various Balkan countries, which contain explicit provisions for the country`s future accession to the EU. The SAAs resemble in principle the European agreements signed in the 1990s with the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the association agreement with Turkey. The agreement with Kosovo was the first to be signed after the Lisbon Treaty came into force, which brought down the EU`s legal personality. [2] [3] An EU representative in Kosovo stated that „unlike the ASA with other countries in the region, this agreement will be exclusively the EU agreement. The EU will sign them as a legal entity. [4] The agreement did not have to be ratified individually by each Member State, some of which did not recognize Kosovo`s independence.

[5] The representative added: „Since Kosovo is not recognised by the five Member States, we had to adopt a directive stating that the signing of the agreement will not mean that the EU or any of the countries will recognise Kosovo as a state.” [4] The ASA is based on a number of key principles. Albania agrees with the Albanian economy. These are not as substantial as possible Our results indicate that regional integration under the ASA can bring considerable benefits. The paper focuses on the trade aspects of the EU-Albania ASA to analyse how bilateral liberalisation with the EU, regional cooperation with other countries in the stabilisation and association process, and harmonisation with EU rules and regulations in this area will influence the country`s efforts for easy growth and socio-economic development. It therefore aims to assess both the beneficial effects of the EU-Albana-SAA on the Albanian economy, as well as its impact on sensitive sectors/industry and the most vulnerable groups of the economy. To answer these questions, the study uses a transnational, transsectorial and predictable general equilibrium model based on the GTAP v.6 model. The GTAP`s methodological framework allows us to carry out various trade policy simulations and analyse their impact throughout the Albanian economy. The integration of unemployment among Albanian unskilled workers is a distinctive feature of modelling. This allows us to go beyond the impact of political reforms on trade, production and welfare and to study what has been achieved through unilateral liberalisation if Albania opens its markets to all In discussions with countries that have expressed a desire to join the European Union, the EU generally concludes association agreements in exchange for commitments on political, economic, trade or human rights reform in that country. In return, the country may be offered duty-free access to some or all EU markets (industrial goods, agricultural products, etc.) as well as financial or technical assistance.

benefits are not distributed equitably between sectors and workers. There are both winners and losers of regional liberalization. The impact on total employment is positive, but there are considerable differences by sector. Sectors such as agriculture, clothing and other manufacturing enterprises appear to be benefiting more, while textiles, metals, chemicals and minerals are losing. In declining sectors, it is more unskilled workers who are more affected and therefore more vulnerable to liberalization. Our analysis therefore shows that liberalisation in some sectors can lead to greater inequality between skilled and unskilled labour.